Tikkurila tries to anticipate and systemically identify, analyze, assess and manage the key risks, which are classified into the following groups: strategic, operational, financial and hazard risks. The main principle is to have a systematic risk management process in place, so that the Company can define and attain an optimal total risk level in relation to its risk tolerance, while at the same time ensuring continuity of the business.
Tikkurila’s risk management is based on the Finnish listed entities’ corporate governance code, as well as on Tikkurila’s risk management policy. There are also other internal policies defining in more detail the goals, segregations of duties and risk limits of the management.
The Board of Directors of Tikkurila Oyj decides on the key risk management principles and approves the risk management policy, and the Audit Committee of the Board has an oversight role to assist the Board to control the risk management processes. Group functions are in charge of the risk management inside their own scope of activities.
Tikkurila’s risk management is based on the three lines of defence framework. Group functions – sales, offering, operations, finance and HR – implement a commonly agreed self-evaluation model in their own areas. The risk management process is coordinated by the Group risk management steering group, which is headed by the Group General Counsel. The results and outcome of the risk management process are regularly reported internally and externally, as part of Tikkurila Oyj’s statutory reporting.
To gain cost advantages and to keep the total risk level in control, part of Tikkurila’s risk management activities is centralized. For example, key investment decisions, and certain insurance and finance solutions are always decided at the Group level.
The diagram below shows the risk management layers, as well as the key bodies and persons involved in the risk management activities in Tikkurila Group.
Most significant risks related to Tikkurila's operations
Tikkurila’s business involves a number of risks, some of a potentially substantial nature. As the Group’s business operations are divided into several geographical areas and into diverse product and customer segments, the amount, likelihood and impacts of various risks may vary between the Group’s business units. The materialization of such risks may have a major adverse effect on Tikkurila’s business, financial position or results of operations.
The Group’s risks are various in nature and include strategic risks, operational risks, financial risks and hazard risks. Risks are assessed and managed according to the type and characteristics of each risk. In Tikkurila’s view the main risks are strategic and operational, but all categories present risks that may have a significant impact on Tikkurila’s business.
The key risks relevant to Tikkurila identified by the Board of Directors are presented in the following chart based on certain simplified assumptions and on the situation prevailing at the end of 2017. The risks are divided according to their most relevant time horizon, although most have both short- and long-term implications. A rough probability assessment is also included in the table.
The financial risks are described in the notes to the consolidated Financial Statements. Risks related to Tikkurila's operations are also described in the Review of the Board of Directors.